Undergraduate Research

Undergraduate students periodically work in my lab on projects related to some aspect of human evolution. Currently, two undergraduate students are investigating the relationship between mandible size and shape and the shape of the tongue in great apes, humans, and fossil hominins using geometric morphometric techniques in order to refine hominin vocal tract reconstructions. This research is being supported by Natural Sciences Summer Research Grant awards to two Health Science students, Katherine Dudas and Sarah Urbas, and a Summer Research Grant from the College of Science. Prospective undergraduate researchers should look for the Natural Sciences Summer Research Grant program announcements in the fall semester, or check the COS website. I will be updating this page periodically throughout the summer so check back if you want to receive updates about this research project.

Resources for Summer 2014 Research Project
Geometric Morphometrics/CT Analysis
  • Zelditch, Miriam L., Swiderski, Donald L., Sheets, H. David. Geometric Morphometrics for Biologists: A Primer, 2nd edition. Academic Press, New York.[Amazon link]
  • Zelditch, Miriam L., Swiderski, Donald L., Sheets, H. David. A Practical Companion for Geometric Morphometrics for Biologists: Running analyses in freely-available software [pdf]
  • SUNY Stony Brook Morphometrics website: [http://life.bio.sunysb.edu/morph/]
  • Paul O’Higgins’ website: [https://sites.google.com/site/hymsfme/geometricmorphometrics]
  • O'Higgins, Paul. 2000. Review: The study of morphological variation in the hominid fossil record: biology, landmarks and geometry. Journal of Anatomy 197: 103-120.[pdf]
  • EVAN TOOLBOX: [http://www.evan-society.org/node/23]
  • Gunz, Philipp, Mitteroecker, Philipp. 2013. Semilandmarks: a method for quantifying curves and surfaces. Hystrix, the Italian Journal of Mammalogy 24: 103-109.[pdf]
  • Mitteroecker, Philipp, Gunz, Philipp, Bookstein, Fred. Semilandmarks in three dimensions. In: Slice, Dennis E. (editor). 2004. Modern Morphometrics in Physical Anthropology. Kluwer/Plenum, New York, pp. 73-98.[pdf]
  • Weber, Gerhard W., Bookstein, Fred L. 2011. Virtual Anthropology: A guide to a new interdisciplinary field. Springer, New York.[Amazon link]
  • Spoor, Fred, Jeffery, Nathan, Zonneveld, Frans. 2000. Using diagnostic radiology in human evolutionary studies. Journal of Anatomy 197: 61-76.[pdf]
  • Coleman, Marc N., Colbert, Matthew W. 2007. Technical note: CT thresholding protocols for taking measurements on three-dimensional models.American Journal of Physical Anthropology 133:723-725.[pdf]
Hominin Evolution/Great Apes

  • Wood, Bernard, Lonergan, Nicholas. 2008. Review: The hominin fossil record: taxa, grades and clades. Journal of Anatomy 212: 354-376.[pdf]
  • Hublin, Jean-Jacques. 2009. The origin of Neandertals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 106: 16022-16027.[pdf]
  • Harvati, Katerina. 2010. Neanderthals. Evolution: Education and Outreach DOI 10.1007/s12052-010-0250-0 [pdf]
  • Tattersall, Ian. 2009. Human origins: Out of Africa. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 106: 16018-16021.[pdf]
  • Pearson, Osbjorn M. 2013. Hominin evolution in the Middle-Late Pleistocene: Fossils, adaptive scenerios, and alternatives. Current Anthropology 54: S221-S233.[pdf]
  • Rightmire, G. Philip. 2008. Homo in the Middle Pleistocene: Hypodigms, variation, and species recognition. Evolutionary Anthropology 17: 8-21.[pdf]
  • Rightmire, G. Philip. 2009. Middle and later Pleistocene hominins in Africa and Southwest Asia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 106: 16046-16050.[pdf]
  • Anton, Susan C. 2003. Natural history of Homo erectus. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 46: 126-170.[pdf]
  • Lordkipanidze, David, Ponce de Leon, Marcia S., Margvelachvili, Ann et al. 2013. A complete skull from Dmanisi, Georgia, and the evolutionary biology of early Homo. Science 342: 326-331.[pdf]
  • Anton, Susan C. 2012. Early Homo: Who, when, and where. Current Anthropology 53: S278-S298.[pdf]
  • Fleagle, John. 2013. Apes and humans. In Primate Adaptation and Evolution, 3rd edition, pp. 151-168.[Amazon link]
Speech Acoustics, Production, Perception
  • Beckman, M.E., Jung. T.-P., Lee, S.-H., de Jong, K., Krishnamurthy, A.K., Ahalt, S.C., Cohen, K.B., Collins, M.J. 1995. Variability in the production of quantal vowels revisited. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 97: 471-490.[pdf]
  • Hillenbrand, J., Getty, L.A., Clark, M.J., Wheeler, K. 1995. Acoustic characteristics of American English vowels. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 97: 3099-3111.[pdf]
  • Ladefoged. P, Broadbent, D.E. 1957. Information conveyed by vowels. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 29: 98-104.[pdf]
  • Liberman, A.M., Cooper, F.S., Shankweiler, D.P., Studdert-Kennedy, M. 1967. Perception of the speech code. Psychological Review 74: 431-461.[pdf]
  • Lieberman, Philip. 2007. The evolution of human speech: its anatomical and neural bases. Current Anthropology 48: 39-66.[pdf]
  • Lieberman, Philip, Laitman, Jeffrey T., Reidenberg, Joy S., Gannon, Patrick J. 1992. The anatomy, physiology, acoustics and perception of speech: Essential elements in analysis of the evolution of speech. Journal of Human Evolution 23: 447-467.
  • Peterson, G.E., Barney, H.L., 1952. Control methods used in a study of the vowels. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 30: 175-184.[pdf]
  • Stevens, K.N. 1989. On the quantal nature of speech. Journal of Phonetics 17: 3-46.[pdf]
Vocal Tract Reconstruction
  • McCarthy, Robert C., Strait, David S., Yates, Franklin W., Lieberman, Philip. The origins of modern human speech capabilities. [see me for reprint]
  • McCarthy, Robert C. Evolution of the hominin vocal tract and tongue. [see me for reprint]
  • Laitman, Jeffrey T., Heimbuch, R.C., 1982. The basicranium of Plio-Pleistocene hominids as an indicator of their upper respiratory systems. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 59: 323-343. [pdf]
  • Laitman, Jeffrey T., Heimbuch, R.C., Crelin, Edmund S. 1979. The basicranium of fossil hominids as an indicator of their upper respiratory systems. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 51: 15-34. [pdf]
  • Laitman, Jeffrey T., Heimbuch, R.C., Crelin, Edmund S. 1978. Developmental change in a basicranial line and its relationship to the upper respiratory system in primates. American Journal of Anatomy 152: 467-482.[pdf]
  • Laitman, Jeffrey T., Crelin, Edmund S. 1976. Postnatal development of the basicranium and vocal tract region in man. In: Bosma, J.T. (Ed.), Development of the Basicranium. National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, pp. 206-219.[pdf]
  • Lieberman, Philip, Crelin, Edmund S., Klatt, Dennis H. 1972. Phonetic ability and related anatomy of the newborn, adult human, Neanderthal man, and the chimpanzee. American Anthropologist 74: 287-307.[pdf]
  • Lieberman, Philip, Crelin, Edmund S. 1971. On the speech of Neanderthal man. Linguistic Inquiry 2: 203-222.[pdf]

  • Nicholson, Elisabeth, Harvati, Katerina. 2006. Quantitative analysis of human mandibular shape using three-dimensional geometric morphometrics. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 131: 369-383.[pdf]
  • Terhune, Claire E., Robinson, Chris A., Ritzman, Terrence B. 2014. Ontogenetic variation in the mandibular ramus of great apes and humans. Journal of Morphology 275: 661-677.[pdf]
  • Singh, Nandini. 2014. Ontogenetic study of allometric variation in Homo and Pan mandibles. The Anatomical Record 297: 261-272.[pdf]
  • Franklin, Daniel, O'Higgins, Paul, Oxnard, Charles E. 2008. Sexual dimorphism in the mandible of indigenous South Africans: A geometric morphometric approach. South African Journal of Science 104: 101-106.[pdf]
  • Franklin, Daniel, Oxnard, Charles E., O'Higgins, Paul, Dadour, I. 2007. Sexual dimorphism in the subadult mandible: Quantification using geometric morphometrics. Journal of Forensic Science 52: 6-10.[pdf]
  • Schwartz, Jeffrey H., Tattersall, Ian. 2000. The human chin revisited: what is it and who has it? Journal of Human Evolution 38:367-409.[pdf]